Category Archives: Carmel BLOG

3rd Sunday of Easter

3rd Sunday of Easter

ACTS 2.14, 22-28
1 PETER 1.17-21
LUKE 24.13-35

During the weeks after Easter, the church puts us in touch with the first men and women who experienced the risen Jesus in an attempt to deepen our appreciation and understanding of this, the linchpin of our faith. In describing those early believers, Gunther Bornkamm once remarked, “The men and women who encounter the risen Christ in the Easter stories have come to an end of their wisdom. They are alarmed and disturbed by his death, mourners wandering about the grave of the Lord in their helpless love. . . like the two disciples on the way to Emmaus, their last hopes are destroyed” (Jesus of Nazareth, Harper and Row, New York. 1960). Therefore it is erroneous to think that the resurrection narratives can be explained away as a human invention or as a product of wish-fulfillment on the part of Jesus’ disciples. After Jesus’ death, they were at a loss; it was only through their revelatory experiences of the risen Lord that the disciples began to understand the Jesus event as a work of God which forever changed the course of human history. As the early believers explained in today’s first two readings, Jesus was sent according to the set plan and purpose of God; through his dying and his resurrection God has worked miracles, signs and wonders in our midst (Acts). All our faith and hope as believers are centered on this mystery (1 Peter).

In his assessment of the resurrection appearances and of the gospel narratives which have preserved these experiences, Bas Van Jersel suggested that these texts were intended not only to inform would be believers concerning the fact of Jesus-risen but also as an interpretation of his resurrection for the life of the disciple (“The Resurrection of Jesus”, The New Concilium, Herder and herder, New York. 1965). In other words, accounts such as the one recorded in today’s gospel help us to understand that faith in the resurrection is not confined to a past event; nor is it relegated solely to a future moment when we also be raised by God from death. Rather, the resurrection appearances represent the church’s understanding concerning the permanent presence of the risen Lord with us now. How and in what manner do we experience him among us? What are the implications of his presence? How must it influence our faith? our life style?

Matthew, in his gospel, told his readers that they would find and experience Jesus in the hungry when they fed them; in the thirsty when they gave a drink of water; in the stranger to whom they gave a welcome; in the naked whom they clothed, in the ill whom they cared for and in the prisoner whom they visited. In another passage, the evangelist assured his contemporaries of an experience of Jesus’ presence whenever and wherever two or three would gather together in prayer (Matthew 25.35-36, 18.20). For his part, the fourth evangelist offered the assurance of Jesus’ abiding presence in the gift of the Spirit. Like Jesus, the Spirit would teach the disciples, remind them of his words and works, guide them to the truth and be with them always (John 14.16).

In today’s gospel, Luke reminds believers that the ultimate encounter with the permanent presence of the risen Jesus comes in the breaking open of the Word and in the Breaking of the Bread which is the Eucharist.

ACTS 2.14, 22-28

The book of Acts has sometimes been called the account of how the proclaimer became the proclaimed. In Acts, Luke builds a bridge between Jesus. who came in human flesh with a ministry of healing and reconciliation. . . who died on the cross for the salvation of all peoples. . . who rose in victory over death and sin to live forever. . . and the church. whose presence in the world continues to manifest the saving plan and purpose of God in human history. In this excerpted pericope. Peter and the Eleven are portrayed as empowered by the Spirit and intent upon proclaiming the good news of salvation just as Jesus had been endowed with the Spirit when he inaugurated his public ministry (see Luke 4.14-21). Among the Israelites, there was a widespread belief that God had “closed the heavens” and that the Holy Spirit had descended on no one, prophet or leader, since the last of the canonical prophets, Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi (Jerome Crowe, The Acts, Michael Glazier Inc., Wilmington. 1983). Aware of this belief, Luke made it clear in his account of Jesus (Luke) and of the church (Acts) that God rent the heavens and came down (Isaiah 63.19) and has poured out his Spirit on all of humankind (Joel 2.1).

Like the other sermons or discourses in Acts, Peter’s reflects a Lucan hand. A literary technique, popular and well documented in Hellenistic literature, speeches or sermons attributed to key character in a story were actually a careful composition of the author and served a vehicle of the ideas he wished to convey to his readers. Constituting approximately one quarter of the book of Acts, the twenty-four discourses vary in form and content; by incorporating these sermons into Acts, Luke has addressed the missionary apologetic and ecclesial concerns of his readers.

In this particular section of Peter’s Pentecost sermon, Luke defends the manner of Jesus’ ministry and death on the cross as a part of the “set purpose and plan of God” (vs. 23) for our salvation. As Joseph Fitzmyer has explained, Luke focuses on “the inbreaking of divine salvific activity into human history with the appearance of Jesus of Nazareth among mankind.” Everything that happened to Jesus, even his ignominious passion and death, as well as everything that will happen to the church because of its faith in Jesus “is a manifestation of a plan of God to bring about the salvation of human beings who recognize and accept the plan.” (The Gospel According to Luke, Anchor Bible, Vol. 28, Doubleday and Co., New York. 1981). But God’s saving plan did not end on Calvary; indeed God raised Jesus to life thereby breaking the grip of sin and death upon believers.

By citing Psalm 16, Luke drew on the support of the Hebrew scriptures, as the other evangelists and Paul, particularly when the intended audience of the discourse was Jewish (vs. 22). This psalm and others like it (e.g. Pss. 22, 110, 118) were used extensively by the early church in their efforts to present Jesus as the promised Savior and authentic fulfillment of Israel’s messianic hopes. Today its words continue to strike a chord in the hearts of those who understand Jesus as the center and culmination of the two testaments (Old Testament New Testament) of our faith.

1 PETER 1.17-21

Someone whose uniqueness distinguishes him/her from the mainstream of human society or whose ideas and values are unsynchronized with those of the general population is often said to “march to the beat of a different drummer.” In his letter to the Christians of Asia Minor the pseudonymous author of 1 Peter encouraged his readers to aspire to a similar description. Having been delivered by Christ from the futility of their former way of life, Christians should subsequently conduct themselves in a worthy manner. More often than not, this required that they cease or forego certain activities while dedicating themselves to a life-style which was consonant with the grace of their Christian vocation.

Earlier in his letter the author had characterized the life of a person before being redeemed as one dominated by ignorance and inordinate desire (vs. 14). As William Barclay (“Peter,” The Daily Study Bible, The St. Andrew Press, Edinburgh. 1975) explained, the pagan world was suffocated by ignorance, convinced by its philosophers that God was unknowable. “It is hard,” said Plato, “to investigate and find the framer and the father of the universe; and if one did find him, it would be impossible to express him in terms which all could understand.” Aristotle spoke of God as the “supreme cause, by all men dreamed of and by no men known.” Coupled with this burden of frustrated ignorance was an attitude of self-abandon with regard to the senses. Whereas “desperate poverty prevailed at the lower end of the social scale,” the higher echelons were notorious for their “sheer fleshliness.” By their own historians’ accounts, Romans and Greeks were shamelessly indulgent. At one banquet, Emperor Vitellius served two thousand fish, seven thousand birds and thousands of dollars worth of peacock’s brains and nightingales tongues. Martial tells of women who had reached their tenth husband; Jerome wrote of a woman married to her twenty-third husband, she being his twenty-first wife. But believers in Jesus, having been rescued from such godlessness were to live otherwise!

In terms reminiscent of the exodus from Egypt, the author of 1 Peter called his readers to be reverent sojourners, faithful to their constant companion on their journey through life, viz. Jesus. By his blood they had been redeemed and through him they had the joy of knowing God. No longer simply the supreme cause who could not be known or understood but only dreamed of, God, the loving Father had revealed himself and his saving plan in the person and mission of Jesus.

Like the recipients of 1 Peter, believers on the brink of the twenty-first century live in societies that are often characterized by interests and values contrary to those of the gospel. This ancient Christian author reminds his readers that their baptismal commitment calls them to center their faith and hope in God (vs. 21) and to “march to the beat of his drum.”

Journey to Emmaus

Like the two disciples making their way from Jerusalem to Emmaus, contemporary believers of Jesus live after the fact of Jesus’ resurrection and in the interim between his two advents. Like Cleopas and his companion, we search for the daily experience of Jesus which sustains and strengthens our hope and which inspires our faithful discipleship. In their encounter with the risen Lord, we learn of the manner in which he remains present until his climactic appearance in glory.

In this superb narrative, Luke has provided his readers with a treasure of Christological and apologetic insights drawn from the different levels of gospel tradition. At the very basis of the story was the experience of the first witnesses of Jesus, vindicated by God and risen from death to glory. Surrounding that primitive core of gospel kerygma was the ongoing experience of the church in Syrian Antioch in the mid-80s C.E. In the almost two generations following Jesus’ death on the cross, the Antioch Christians had been encountering the risen Lord in the sacramental breaking of the bread. For his part, the evangelist had structured this narrative in a recognizable liturgical pattern. In both word (vs. 27) and sacrament (vs. 30) the risen Lord is made known and communicated to the believing community.

Notice the motif of delayed recognition which informed this and most of the other resurrection narratives. Initially, the disciples did not recognize Jesus because he was transformed by the glory of his resurrection. Nevertheless, Luke was careful (as were the other evangelists) to underscore the continuity between the Jesus whom the disciples had known during his ministry and the risen Lord whom they were now encountering. He taught them, ate with them and open their eyes to the knowledge of his presence.

As Jesus broke open the word for them (“he interpreted for them every passage of Scripture which referred to him”, vs. 27) the disciples’ hearts began to burn within them (vs. 32). They implored him “Stay with us!” (vs. 29). Then, in a manner which recalled his last supper with them before his cross, he took the bread, blessed it, broke it and gave it to them; at that point, they came to know him. The searching, hoping fire in their hearts was transformed into recognition and faith.

Luke draws attention to the significance of this moment by declaring, “with that, their eyes were opened” (vs. 31). Opened eyes (a term mentioned eight times in the New Testament, six of which are in Luke-Acts) indicated a deepened understanding of revelation. In this instance, the disciples’ opened eyes meant that they had begun to comprehend the mystery of Jesus, dead, risen and ever present. Jesus’ disappearance at the point of recognition (“he vanished from their sight,” vs. 31) was not a disappointment but yet another signal that the risen Lord would remain forever with his disciples in the breaking of the bread and in the sharing of his word.

The experience of those early disciples is ours at every Eucharistic celebration. With fire in our hearts, the word reveals who he is; in the blessed and broken bread the paschal experience is renewed, We who hear the word and share the bread are nourished and sustained. Jesus lives; he stays with us. Hope and faith are not in vain. 









Defense of the Resurrection and Easter Sunday

Defense of the Resurrection and Easter Sunday

On the first day of the week, two of the disciples were going to a village called Emmaus, about eleven kilometres from Jerusalem, and talking with each other about all things that had happened. While they were talking and discussing, Jesus himself came near and went with them, but their eyes were kept from recognizing him.

And Jesus said to them, ‘What are you discussing with each other while you walk along?’ They stood still, looking sad. Then one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answered him, ‘Are you the only stranger in Jerusalem who does not know the things that have taken place there in these days?’

Jesus asked them, ‘What things?’ They replied, ‘The things about Jesus of Nazareth, who was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people, and how our chief priests and leaders handed him over to be condemned to death and crucified him. But we had hoped that he was the one to redeem Israel. Yes, and besides all this, it is now the third day since these things took place. Moreover, some women of our group astounded us. They were at the tomb early this morning, and when they did not find his body there, they came back and told us that they had indeed seen a vision of angels who said that Jesus was alive. Some of those who were with us went to the tomb and found it just as the women had said; but they did not see Jesus.’

Then Jesus said to them, ‘Oh, how foolish you are, and how slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have declared! Was it not necessary that the Messiah should suffer these things and then enter into his glory?’

Then beginning with Moses and all the prophets, Jesus interpreted to them the things about himself in all the scriptures. As they came near the village to which they were going, Jesus walked ahead as if he were going on. But they urged him strongly, saying, ‘Stay with us, because it is almost evening and the day is now nearly over,’ So Jesus went in to stay with them.

When he was at the table with them, he took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to them. Then their eyes were opened, and they recognized Jesus; and he vanished from their sight.

The two disciples said to each other, ‘Were not our hearts burning within us while he was talking to us on the road, while he was opening the scripture to us?

That same hour they got up and returned to Jerusalem; and they found the eleven and their companions gathered together. These were saying, ‘The Lord has risen indeed, and he has appeared to Simon!’

Then the two disciples told what had happened on the road, and how the Lord has been made known to them in the breaking of the bread.” (Lk. 24.13-35)


Madonna the great singer, attempted to answer the question of, “Why am I here?” by becoming a diva, confessing, “There were many years when I thought fame, fortune, and public approval would bring me happiness. But one day you wake up and realize they don’t… I still felt something was missing… I wanted to know the meaning of true and lasting happiness and how I could go about finding it.”(The Oprah Magazine, “Oprah talks to Madonna,” January, 2004, 120.)

Others have given up on finding meaning. Kurt Cobain, lead singer of the Seattle grunge band Nirvana, despaired of life at age 27 and committed suicide. Jazz-age cartoonist Ralph Barton also found life to be meaningless, leaving the following suicide note. “I have had few difficulties, many friends, great successes; I have gone from wife to wife, and from house to house, visited countries of the world, but I am fed up with inventing devices to fill up 24 hours of the day.” Josh McDowell, The Resurrection Factor (San Bernardino, CA. Here’s Life Publ., 1981).

Pascal, the great French philosopher believed this inner void we all experience can only be filled by God. He states, “There is a God-shaped vacuum in the heart of every man which only Jesus Christ can fill.” William R. Bright, Jesus and the Intellectual (San Bernardino, CA. Here’s Life Publ., 1968),If Pascal is right, then we would expect Jesus to not only answer the question of our identity and meaning in this life, but also to give us hope for life after we die.

Can there be meaning, without God? Not according to atheist Bertrand Russell, who wrote, “Unless you assume a god, the question of life’s purpose is meaningless.” Rick Warren, The Purpose Driven Life (Grand Rapids, MI. Zondervan, 2002),

Russell resigned himself to ultimately “rot” in the grave. In his book, Why I am not a Christian, Russell dismissed everything Jesus said about life’s meaning, including his promise of eternal life.

But if Jesus actually defeated death as eyewitnesses claim, then he alone would be able to tell us what life is all about, and answer, “Where am I going?” In order to understand how Jesus’ words, life, and death can establish our identities, give us meaning in life, and provide hope for the future, we need to understand what he said about God, about us, and about himself.

Summing up, I use the words of Arthur Ashe, the legendary Wimbledon player as he was dying of AIDS, which he got due to infected blood he received during a heart surgery in 1983. From world over, he received letters from his fans, one of which conveyed. “Why does GOD have to select you for such a bad disease”?

To this Arthur Ashe replied. The world over 5 crore children start playing tennis, 50 lakh learn to play tennis, 5 lakh learn professional tennis, 50,000 come to the circuit, 5000 reach the grand slam, 50 reach Wimbledon, 4 to semi final, 2 to the finals, When I was holding a cup I never asked GOD “Why me?”.

And today in pain I should not be asking GOD “Why me?”

Life after death promise keeps us Sweet, Trials keep us Strong, Sorrow keeps us Human, Failure keeps us Humble, Success keeps us Glowing, But only GOD KEEPS US GOING….. EVER STRONG…


The main sources which directly attest the fact of Christ’s Resurrection are the Four Gospels and the Epistles of St. Paul. Easter morning is so rich in incident, and so crowded with interested persons, that its complete history presents a rather complicated tableau. It is not surprising, therefore, that the partial accounts contained in each of the Four Gospels appear at first sight hard to harmonize. But whatever exegetic view as to the visit to the sepulcher by the pious women and the appearance of the angels we may defend, we cannot deny the Evangelists’ agreement as to the fact that the risen Christ appeared to one or more persons. According to St. Matthew, He appeared to the holy women, and again on a mountain in Galilee; according to St. Mark, He was seen by Mary Magdalene, by the two disciples at Emmaus, and the Eleven before his Ascension into heaven; according to St. Luke, He walked with the disciples to Emmaus, appeared to Peter and to the assembled disciples in Jerusalem; according to St. John, Jesus appeared to Mary Magdalene, to the ten Apostles on Easter Sunday, to the Eleven a week later, and to the seven disciples at the Sea of Tiberius. St. Paul (1 Corinthians 15.3-8) enumerates another series of apparitions of Jesus after His Resurrection; he was seen by Cephas, by the Eleven, by more than 500 brethren, many of whom were still alive at the time of the Apostle’s writing, by James, by all the Apostles, and lastly by Paul himself.

Here is an outline of a possible harmony of the Evangelists’ account concerning the principal events of Easter Sunday.

The holy women carrying the spices previously prepared start out for the sepulcher before dawn, and reach it after sunrise; they are anxious about the heavy stone, but know nothing of the official guard of the sepulcher (Matthew 28.1-3; Mark 16.1-3; Luke 24.1; John 20.1).

The angel frightened the guards by his brightness, put them to flight, rolled away the stone, and seated himself not upon (ep autou), but above (epano autou) the stone (Matthew 28.2-4).

Mary Magdalene, Mary the Mother of James, and Salome approach the sepulcher, and see the stone rolled back, whereupon Mary Magdalene immediately returns to inform the Apostles (Mark 16.4; Luke 24.2; John 20.1-2).

The other two holy women enter the sepulcher, find an angel seated in the vestibule, who shows them the empty sepulcher, announces the Resurrection, and commissions them to tell the disciples and Peter that they shall see Jesus in Galilee (Matthew 28.5-7; Mark 16.5-7).

A second group of holy women, consisting of Joanna and her companions, arrive at the sepulcher, where they have probably agreed to meet the first group, enter the empty interior, and are admonished by two angels that Jesus has risen according to His prediction (Luke 24.10).

Not long after, Peter and John, who were notified by Mary Magdalen, arrive at the sepulchre and find the linen cloth in such a position as to exclude the supposition that the body was stolen; for they lay simply flat on the ground, showing that the sacred body had vanished out of them without touching them. When John notices this he believes (John 20.3-10).

Mary Magdalen returns to the sepulchre, sees first two angels within, and then Jesus Himself (John 20.11-l6; Mark 16.9).

The two groups of pious women, who probably met on their return to the city, are favored with the sight of Christ arisen, who commissions them to tell His brethren that they will see him in Galilee (Matthew 28.8-10; Mark 16.8).

The holy women relate their experiences to the Apostles, but find no belief (Mark 16.10-11; Luke 24.9-11).

Jesus appears to the disciples, at Emmaus, and they return to Jerusalem; the Apostles appear to waver between doubt and belief (Mark 16.12-13; Luke 24.13-35).

Christ appears to Peter, and therefore Peter and John firmly believe in the Resurrection (Luke 24.34; John 20.8).

After the return of the disciples from Emmaus, Jesus appears to all the Apostles excepting Thomas (Mark 16.14; Luke 24.36-43; John 20.19-25).

The harmony of the other apparitions of Christ after His Resurrection presents no special difficulties. Briefly, therefore, the fact of Christ’s Resurrection is attested by more than 500 eyewitnesses, whose experience, simplicity, and uprightness of life rendered them incapable of inventing such a fable, who lived at a time when any attempt to deceive could have been easily discovered, who had nothing in this life to gain, but everything to lose by their testimony, whose moral courage exhibited in their apostolic life can be explained only by their intimate conviction of the objective truth of their message. Again the fact of Christ’s Resurrection is attested by the eloquent silence of the Synagogue which had done everything to prevent deception, which could have easily discovered deception, if there had been any, which opposed only sleeping witnesses to the testimony of the Apostles, which did not punish the alleged carelessness of the official guard, and which could not answer the testimony of the Apostles except by threatening them “that they speak no more in this name to any man” (Acts 4.17). Finally the thousands and millions, both Jews and Gentiles, who believed the testimony of the Apostles in spite of all the disadvantages following from such a belief, in short the origin of the Church, requires for its explanation the reality of Christ’s Resurrection, for the rise of the Church without the Resurrection would have been a greater miracle than the Resurrection itself.


By what means can the evidence for Christ’s Resurrection by overthrown? Three theories of explanation have been advanced, though the first two have hardly any adherents in our day.

(1)The Swoon Theory

There is the theory of those who assert that Christ did not really die upon the cross, that His supposed death was only a temporary swoon, and that His Resurrection was simply a return to consciousness. This was advocated by Paulus (“Exegetisches Handbuch”, 1842, II, p. 929) and in a modified form by Hase (“Gesch. Jesu”, n. 112), but it does not agree with the data furnished by the Gospels. The scourging and the crown of thorns, the carrying of the cross and the crucifixion, the three hours on the cross and the piercing of the Sufferer’s side cannot have brought on a mere swoon. His real death is attested by the centurion and the soldiers, by the friends of Jesus and by his most bitter enemies. His stay in a sealed sepulchre for thirty-six hours, in an atmosphere poisoned by the exhalations of a hundred pounds of spices, which would have of itself sufficed to cause death. Moreover, if Jesus had merely returned from a swoon, the feelings of Easter morning would have been those of sympathy rather than those of joy and triumph, the Apostles would have been roused to the duties of a sick chamber rather than to apostolic work, the life of the powerful wonderworker would have ended in ignoble solitude and inglorious obscurity, and His vaunted sinlessness would have changed into His silent approval of a lie as the foundation stone of His Church. No wonder that later critics of the Resurrection, like Strauss, have heaped contempt on the old theory of a swoon.

(2) The Imposition Theory

The disciples, it is said, stole the body of Jesus from the grave, and then proclaimed to men that their Lord had risen. This theory was anticipated by the Jews who “gave a great sum of money to the soldiers, saying. Say you, His disciples came by night, and stole him away when we were asleep” (Matthew 28.12 sq.). The same was urged by Celsus (Orig., “Contra Cels.”, II, 56) with some difference of detail. But to assume that the Apostles with a burden of this kind upon their consciences could have preached a kingdom of truth and righteousness as the one great effort of their lives, and that for the sake of that kingdom they could have suffered even unto death, is to assume one of those moral impossibilities which may pass for a moment in the heat of controversy, but must be dismissed without delay in the hour of good reflection.

(3) The Vision Theory

This theory as generally understood by its advocates does not allow visions caused by a Divine intervention, but only such as are the product of human agencies. For if a Divine intervention be admitted, we may as well believe, as far as principles are concerned, that God raised Jesus from the dead. But where in the present instance are the human agencies which might cause these visions? The idea of a resurrection from the grave was familiar to the disciples from their Jewish faith; they had also vague intimations in the prophecies of the Old Testament; finally, Jesus Himself had always associated His Resurrection with the predictions of his death. On the other hand, the disciples’ state of mind was one of great excitement; they treasured the memory of Christ with a fondness which made it almost impossible for them to believe that He was gone. In short, their whole mental condition was such as needed only the application of a spark to kindle the flame. The spark was applied by Mary Magdalen, and the flame at once spread with the rapidity and force of a conflagration. What she believed that she had seen, others immediately believed that they must see. Their expectations were fulfilled, and the conviction seized the members of the early Church that the Lord had really risen from the dead.

Such is the vision theory commonly defended by recent critics of the Resurrection. But however ingeniously it may be devised, it is quite impossible from an historical point of view.

It is incompatible with the state of mind of the Apostles; the theory presupposes faith and expectancy on the part of the Apostles, while in point of fact the disciples’ faith and expectancy followed their vision of the risen Christ.

It is inconsistent with the nature of Christ’s manifestations; they ought to have been connected with heavenly glory, or they should have continued the former intimate relations of Jesus with His disciples, while actually and consistently they presented quite a new phase that could not have been expected.

It does not agree with the conditions of the early Christian community; after the first excitement of Easter Sunday, the disciples as a body are noted for their cool deliberation rather than the exalted enthusiasm of a community of visionaries.

It is incompatible with the length of time during which the apparitions lasted; visions such as the critics suppose have never been known to last long, while some of Christ’s manifestations lasted a considerable period.

It is not consistent with the fact that the manifestations were made to numbers at the same instant.

It does not agree with the place where most of the manifestations were made. visionary appearances would have been expected in Galilee, while most apparitions of Jesus occurred in Judea.

It is inconsistent with the fact that the visions came to a sudden end on the day of Ascension.

Keim admits that enthusiasm, nervousness, and mental excitement on the part of the disciples do not supply a rational explanation of the facts as related in the Gospels. According to him, the visions were directly granted by God and the glorified Christ; they may even include a “corporeal appearance” for those who fear that without this they would lose all. But Keim’s theory satisfies neither the Church, since it abandons all the proofs of a bodily Resurrection of Jesus, nor the enemies of the Church, since it admits many of the Church’s dogmas; nor again is it consistent with itself, since it grants God’s special intervention in proof of the Church’s faith, though it starts with the denial of the bodily Resurrection of Jesus, which is one of the principal objects of that faith.

(4) Modernist View

The Holy Office describes and condemns in the thirty-sixth and thirty-seventh propositions of the Decree “Lamentabili”, the views advocated by a fourth class of opponents of the Resurrection. The former of these propositions reads. “The Resurrection of our Saviour is not properly a fact of the historical order, but a fact of the purely supernatural order neither proved nor provable, which Christian consciousness has little by little inferred from other facts.” This statement agrees with, and is further explained by the words of Loisy (“Autour d’un petit livre”, p. viii, 120-121, 169; “L’Evangile et l’Eglise”, pp. 74-78; 120-121; 171). According to Loisy, firstly, the entrance into life immortal of one risen from the dead is not subject to observation; it is a supernatural, hyper-historical fact, not capable of historical proof. The proofs alleged for the Resurrection of Jesus Christ are inadequate; the empty sepulchre is only an indirect argument, while the apparitions of the risen Christ are open to suspicion on a priori grounds, being sensible impressions of a supernatural reality; and they are doubtful evidence from a critical point of view, on account of the discrepancies in the various Scriptural narratives and the mixed character of the detail connected with the apparitions. Secondly, if one prescinds from the faith of the Apostles, the testimony of the New Testament does not furnish a certain argument for the fact of the Resurrection. This faith of the Apostles is concerned not so much with the Resurrection of Jesus Christ as with His immortal life; being based on the apparitions, which are unsatisfactory evidence from an historical point of view, its force is appreciated only by faith itself; being a development of the idea of an immortal Messiah, it is an evolution of Christian consciousness, though it is at the same time a corrective of the scandal of the Cross. The Holy Office rejects this view of the Resurrection when it condemns the thirty-seventh proposition in the DecreeLamentabili”. “The faith in the Resurrection of Christ pointed at the beginning no so much to the fact of the Resurrection, as to the immortal life of Christ with God.”

Besides the authoritative rejection of the foregoing view, we may submit the following three considerations which render it untenable. First, the contention that the Resurrection of Christ cannot be proved historically is not in accord with science. Science does not know enough about the limitations and the properties of a body raised from the dead to immortal life to warrant the assertion that such a body cannot be perceived by the senses; again in the case of Christ, the empty sepulcher with all its concrete circumstances cannot be explained except by a miraculous Divine intervention as supernatural in its character as the Resurrection of Jesus. Secondly, history does not allow us to regard the belief in the Resurrection as the result of a gradual evolution in Christian consciousness. The apparitions were not a mere projection of the disciples’ Messianic hope and expectation; their Messianic hope and expectations had to be revived by the apparitions. Again, the Apostles did not begin with preaching the immortal life of Christ with God, but they preached Christ’s Resurrection from the very beginning, they insisted on it as a fundamental fact and they described even some of the details connected with this fact. Acts, ii, 24, 31; iii, 15,26; iv, 10; v, 30; x, 39-40; xiii, 30, 37; xvii, 31-2; Rom., i,4; iv, 25; vi, 4,9; viii, 11, 34; x. etc. Thirdly, the denial of the historical certainty of Christ’s Resurrection involves several historical blunders. it questions the objective reality of the apparitions without any historical grounds for such a doubt; it denies the fact of the empty sepulchre in spite of solid historical evidence to the contrary; it questions even the fact of Christ’s burial in Joseph’s sepulchre, though this fact is based on the clear and simply unimpeachable testimony of history.


Acts 10.34a, 36-43; Col 3.1-4 (Or 1 Cor 5.6b-8);


Jn 20.1-18, In the afternoon Lk 24.13-35






The Blessing ceremony of the construction site of the Little Flower Formation House cum Spirituality Centre was solemnly conducted by Rev. Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza on his 28th Priestly Ordination Anniversary on February 24th at 11.30 am. Alfred Horie Construction Company had its equipment at site, and Mr. Steve Paone the chief Managing Director directed the cranes to uproot approximately 100 mighty trees symbolically to begin the construction work at the site immediately. Members from Guardian Angels Parish, Secretary Riz Geronimo, Oscar and Heidi; members from St. Edmond’s Parish and Secular Carmelites Molly Dias, Marylynn, and Susan – Larry were present. Mr. Francis Wong the accountant and Mr. Stewart Hayashi the investment in charge were present to grace the occasion. Representatives from the First Nation Indian Community were present too. Fr. Rudolf’s benefactor Miss Helen Chua Tiampo was specially honoured on this occasion and she advised that the construction be successfully completed before October 15th this year for its inauguration on the Birth Centenary of St. Teresa of Avila on the same day. We are grateful to all the members present including Fr. Steny Mascarenhas and Bro. Josef Giroux who made fine arrangements for the blessing ceremony. We are grateful also to lawyers Mr. Darrel Wickstrom, Mr. Jim Leith and Helen’s Secretary Mr. Steve Creighton for their support and advise in this great venture.

For more photographs, click here



Dear Friends,
This is to share the joy of the arrival of the Stations of the Cross statues from the USA (Dallas) and we have unpacked them and kept in our barn. When the winter is over we install them from the Monastery to Mountain top with a beautiful trail for the use of the faithful who will visit our Monastery. We are immensely grateful to Helen and her company and those involved in making this dream come true.

Thanking you
Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCD
Canadian Carmelite Charitable Society
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Snow at Carmel Hill

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The first step at Mount Carmel School at Kadaganchi!

The Ground Floor of the Mount Carmel School, Carmel Giri, Kadangachi, Kalaburagi was inaugurated on the 26th of January, 2017. Most Rev. Robert Miranda, Bishop of Gulbarga blessed the Crucifix that was unveiled by Rev. Fr Charles Serrao, Provincial Superior. After placing it at the entrance of the school, all venerated the Cross. Then the Provincial unveiled the plaque bearing the name of the Helen Chua Tiampo, the magnanimous sponsor of the project. Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza, the regional Superior of the Carmelites of the Canada Region inaugurated the completed building by cutting the ribbon. After a meaningful prayer service, the Bishop blessed the newly constructed building along with Fr Rudolf V. D’Souza.

There followed a small cultural programme organized by the staff and students of the school. Fr Arun Bennis the Head Master of the School spread a red carpet of roses to all the invitees. Fr Sylvester Pereira, the Superior and correspondent of the School presented a bird eye view of the project and the history of the venture. The Bishop addressed the gathering and appreciated the dedicated service of the Carmelites in the diocese of Gulbarga, especially in Kadaganchi Village. The LKG and UKG children of the school were exuberant as they sang and danced to the tune of music in an enchanting dance performance.
Fr Rudolf V. D’Souza who was present on behalf of the Sponsor expressed his heartfelt gratitude to the local team for their untiring job and committed work in realizing the venture. Quoting the Vedas he said our school is geared towards leading the people from falsehood to truth, darkness to light and death to life – a total transformation of life and appealed for the support and cooperation of the localites and the parents in leading the school to greater heights. Rev. Fr Charles Serrao expressed sentiments of gratitude to one and all especially the contribution and the hard work of Fr Rudolf V D’Souza without whom the project would have been a bed of thorns. The Bishop, Fr Rudolf V. D’Souza, Fr Sylvester Pereira and Fr Lawrence D’Cunha were honored by the provincial. The local community honored the Provincial for his support and encouragement. Rev. Fr Nelson Pinto compered the whole programme. The presence of many priests from the diocese of Gulbarga was commendable. The parents and many people from the village witnessed the historical event. After the programme all the invitees were served snacks and cold drinks. 
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Canadian Carmelites’ Regional meeting held at Kitchener – Hamilton (Ontario)

We the members of Canadian Carmelite Region of Karnataka-Goa Province met together at Kitchener-Hamilton from August 22nd to 25th for our annual meeting. after our arrival on n August 22nd, we had the solemn celebration of the Holy Eucharist on August 23rd; Fr. Rajesh Madtha, the Birthday boy being the main celebrant and Fr. Jason Tellis the inspiring preacher. Fr. Rajesh Madtha was felicitated after the mass and people who gathered prayed for him and congratulated him. After the Holy Eucharistic celebration, we had morning prayer followed by a great breakfast. At 10 am we began the meeting by the reading the last meeting’s report and election of the secretaries for registering the minutes of the meeting. Many issues connected with the region and its development were discussed. Fr. Jerald D’Souza presented the annual accounts to the members and Fr. Ranjan D’sa briefed the members the obligations all residents have towards CRA (Canada Revenue Agency) were elaborated. We also discussed the prospects the Carmelites have in Canada and the need for recruiting new vocations was also an important point that was thoroughly discussed.
After the meeting, we had a great lunch and thereafter we visited St Joseph’s Cloistered Carmel at Agatha – Hamilton. We all the members are intensely grateful to Fr. Jerome Mascarenhas and Fr. Roshan D’Souza for making our stay comfortable and providing us with tempting banquets of great and delicious food. We also thank all the members especially Fr. Jerald D’Souza for organizing the event and Fr. Ranjan D’Sa for technical support. Frs. Jason Tellis, Fr. Mario Fernandes, Fr. Victor Fernandes have provided us with the logistical support and Fr. John Pinto for his great moral and spiritual support during this week. Fr. Steny Mascarenhas and Fr. Godwin were busy in contacting the local security to keep us safe during this great event. Fr. Alwyn Sequeira was entrusted with the work of liturgy and spirituality and was successful in keeping up the real Carmelite Spirit among us. We did not give any work given to Fr. Rajesh Madtha as he was celebrating his birthday. Fr. Alfredo was entrusted with the task of monitoring the situation and we thank him. Since Vijay Martin is new to Canada we kept him completely free; Frs. Melwin Pinto and Ronald Sequeira were also given total freedom as they looked tired and came from a missionary hard working region.
On August 24th we traveled to Niagara Falls to spend a day in fun, relaxation, and sightseeing. On August 25th most of the friars left back to their communities.
Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCD
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Dear Friends,
It is my pleasure to let you know that our Monastery in Canada: Little Flower Monastery (Carmel Hill) is getting stronger and bigger. Since May this year till the end of July we had approximately 11 groups ranging from Bible Study group, Neo Catecuminal group, Jesuits Students, Aspirant Deacons, Angelina’s Prayer Group, Lay sisters, Lay people, Blessed Sacrament Parish prayer Group etc. have come and experienced God and our hospitality. We are excited that many more have booked our facility and it is growing stronger and bigger. We have heard reports of our Monastery from far East of Canada (Ontario) to Vancouver a distance of 7000 kms. We get many visitors and are excited to know that this facility is indeed growing. Bro. Frank Sharma a new aspirant is doing his pre-postulancy in our facility and Bro. Joseph Giroux is continuing his religious life with regular prayer and community life and Fr. Alwyn Sequiera is managing the whole campus with caliber and expertise with the help of the community members. Apart from the lay people many diocesan priests have been visiting the facility and getting to know what Carmelites can offer to their parishioners. With the Blessings of Archbishop Michael Miller CSB who has been the greatest support of this Monastery we are growing in our attempt at sharing our charism to the whole Vancouver Archdiocese. Moreover, many Christian denomination groups are interested in using our facility for Bible Study, prayer and spiritual-theological formation. This has been a great gift to Karnataka Goa Province and we are ever grateful to Helen Chua Tiampo and her team that supports her vision for the Carmelites in Canada.
With regards and prayers
Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCD
Canadian Carmelite Charitable Society

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The Canadian Carmelites of Karnataka Goa Province celebrated Mount Carmel Feast on July 16th at 10 am in St. Edmund’s Church – North Vancouver. Fr. Jerald arranged a wonderful celebration with the Bishop Paul Terrio from St. Paul’s Diocese (Alberta) was the main celebrant and Fr. Rudolf and Fr. Jerald were concelebrants with the Bishop. We had also the pleasure of the presence of Frs. Steny Mucarenhas, Fr. Alwyn Sequeira, Fr. Rajesh Madtha, Bro. Joseph Giroux and Bro Frank Sharma (aspirant to Carmelites). There were more than 250 people present along with a wonderful presence of Secular Carmelites. The liturgy was well organized and Bishop Terrio gave a great homily stressing the importance of Prayer, contemplation and devotion to Mother Mary of Mount Carmel. The celebration ended with the blessing of scapulars and distribution. At the end of the liturgical celebration Fr. Rudolf invited all people to go to Carmel Hill a place of prayer, contemplation and meditation. He also stressed that the facility available is not only for religious retreats but also for lay people to spend time in peace with God. The parishioners organized a grand luncheon in the School hall and all were happy and joyful to celebrate this great Carmelite event. We congratulate Fr. Jerry for organizing this great celebration with a wonderful choir and other liturgically creative

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Dear Friends,
Here I present to you the latest Album no. 32, containing various snap shots of/at Carmel Hill. These photos were clicked at random from March 19th to May 15th (2016). You will find in the first section the furnishing of the commercial kitchen, visit by our Architect John Clark and Paul Ownes, a special Photo of our dear Archbishop Michael Miller CSB, valuable visit by our dear Fr. Johannes Gorantla (Definitor General from Rome), the photos of a few groups who spent time at Carmel Hill and are totally amazed at nature, surroundings and the beauty of the place; Fr. Alwyn and Bro. Joseph Giroux the community members who manage the facility beautifully and a few nuns who spent time at our facility for spiritual recollection. All looks good at Carmel Hill; and the preparations are on to accommodate new groups in the coming days and weeks. We thank again in a special way Helen Chua Tiampo who made all this possible through her team of advisors, estate planners, accountants, and lawyers; and a special remembrance of her dear parents: Jaime and Josephina Chua Tiampo and we pray for the repose of their souls.

For more details of the recent brochure and flyers please log on

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Thanking you for your prayerful support and encouragement.
Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCD

Dear Friends, Here you have a 3 minutes short profile video of our Little Flower Monastery at Carmel Hill Canada. Enjoy the show.

Dear Friends,
Here I send you photos of the Blessing and Dedication of the Little Flower Monastery Chapel by Archbishop Michael Miller CSB on March 19th 2016 – Solemnity of St. Joseph, Patron of Canada. The weather was perfect and was the first day of Spring this year. Along with the Secular Carmelites there were 75 guests present for the celebration. Fr. Jerald D’Souza organized the liturgical celebration taking care of the meticulous details printed in the liturgical guide and distributed. Frs. Alwyn Sequeira, the Superior of the house, Bro. Joseph Giroux OCD, the bursar and Frs. Steyn Mascarenhas, Rajesh Madtha, Jason Tellis and Fr. Richard Francis D’Souza OCD were present on the occasion. Archbishop solemnly began the celebration blessing the Holy Water at the entrance of the Chapel and sprinkling on the faithful as he processed into the Chapel. After the readings Archbishop preached a spiritually enriching homily highlighting the importance of the blessing and dedication of a Chapel which has its roots in the Old and the New Testament. During the mass Solemn and long prayers of dedication were recited and sung; and the Litany of the Holy Saints was sung, after which the anointing of the Altar was held in a very solemn way; abundant oil was poured on the Altar Marble Slab and in a special way the Altar Relic was blessed and incense was burnt. After the celebration and before the final Blessing Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza thanked the Archbishop for all his help and guidance and thanked each and every one who was instrumental in making this Blessing ceremony a great spiritual nourishment and experience. We thank Molly Dias and Susan and Larry for their help.

Helen’s parents Jaime and Josephine Chua Tiampo were specially remembered and gratefully acknowledged Helen’s contribution towards this massive building of the Little Flower Monastery. On this occasion we thank all those involved in this project: Helen’s Estate Planners, her lawyers Darrel Wickstrom, Leo Amighetti, Accounting department KPMG represented by Pam Prior, Kent, Emmet McGrath, Helen’s secretary Steve Creighton, Francis Wong and others. May God bless them all for their time, efforts and their contribution. We also thank the Architect John Clark, Paul Owens, the Alfred Horie Constructions: Steve Paone, Dennis Cadrain and his helpers.

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Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCD
Canadian Carmelite Charitable Society

Dear friends,
Here are the ariel shots or drone shots of our property and the monastery at Carmel Hill. These photos were clicked by Dennis Cadrain. We all thank him for this unique service to us. Enjoy the photos.

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Dear Friends,
Good morning. Hope you had a wonderful week. Here I send you a comparative album of the photos clicked on February 24th in 2015 and on February 24th 2016. This comparison will certainly raise your eyebrows as to the work that is accomplished within one year from the moment we started cutting trees to the completion of the landscaping around the monastery. We will be posting the 31st album shortly. Thank you for your support and interest in this venture.

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Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCD



LITTLE FLOWER MONASTERY  ALBUM NO. 31 – First Visitors – Come and See
Dear Friends,
Here are the first visitors to our facility. When we met Archbishop Michael Miller CSB recently he said to us that a Diocesan Spirituality institute “Rosemary Heights” has been shut down due to maintenance costs as that building was old. He told us that there are many groups who would want to come and use our facility. Already a few groups have booked our facility after April this year. This is very encouraging to us. Well, we will make the best use of this opportunity to diffuse Carmelite Spirituality and to be a great service to the people of God and to the Archdiocese of Vancouver.
All the best

Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCD
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Grand celebration organized for Fr. Alwyn Sequeira ocd
Dear Friends,
We had a grand celebration organized for Fr. Alwyn Sequeira ocd. He arrived Vancouver on January 19th and successfully completed his procedures in getting all his initial documents for his stay in Canada. On February 16th he met Archbishop Michael Miller and the Vicar General Fr. Joseph Phung. Then he he was introduced to various administrative departments in the Diocesan Chancery. Then in the evening we had a grand welcoming celebration at St. Edmunds community with an introduction from Fr. Jeson Tellis and prayer by Bro. Joseph Giroux, sumptuous dinner arranged by Fr. Jerald D’Souza and Fr. Steny Mascarenhas. Fr. Rajesh Madtha offered him flower bouquet and welcomed him into Canadian Carmelite Community. After our wonderful meal we gave him a tearful sendoff praying that he will continue his stay at Carmel Hill with Bro. Joseph Giroux OCD.

Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCD
Click here for Photos 


Dear Friends,
After a long pause here I send you the latest photo album of the Little Flower Monastery at Carmel Hill – Canada. You will notice that the landscaping work is complete and we have put two remote controlled automatic gates at the main entrance and at rare entrance of the monastery. It is interesting to note that we have had quite a good number of students and people who wanted to come and spend their time at Carmel Hill; we have tuned down their requests as we are yet to complete the work. We are waiting eagerly to get the completion certificate and occupancy certificate from FVRD who are eager to see the work is completed. We are grateful to them. We are yet to furnish the rooms. The construction inside the monastery is almost complete and the commercial kitchen work is on right now. A Generator for 24 hours uninterrupted power supply has been already installed in the last week of January. Enjoy the photos clicking the link below:

Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCD
Click here for Photos 

Dear Friends,
Here I send you the missing album no. 29. This album photos clicked between January 15th and February 2nd (2016). The main focus in this album is installing the generator to the monastery for 24X7 power supply. There was a major shift of the methane gas tank from near the monastery to another location as the fire department wanted it to be away from the monastery. Enjoy the photos.

Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCD
Click here for Photos 

Dear Friends,
On November 27th the workers at Little Flower Monastery were given a grand lunch arranged by Helen. We thanked the workers for their dedication and hard work. Mr. Dennis Cadrain introduced us and Fr. Rudolf expressed words of gratitude. On this occasion Francis Wong and Stewart Hayashi were present to enhance our joy. Fr. Rajesh and Bro. Joseph Giroux contributed their share to make this gathering vibrant.
Here are a few photos of the ongoing landscaping around the monastery. When completed this campus will look extraordinarily beautiful and neat.
Enjoy the photos
Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCD
Click here for Photos 

Dear Friends,
A flashing sign at Guardian Angels Parish premises is installed on November 7th and activated on November 24th. This sign flashes the timings of the services at our Church and indicates that it is a Catholic Church. This sign is remote controlled and has added features like announcing extraordinary events at the Church. Please click the link below for photos:

Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCD
Click here for Photos 

The installation of Rev. Fr. Steny Mascarenhas at St. Anthony of Padua parish as Pastor was celebrated on November 1st, All Saints Day. Most Rev. J. Michael Miller CSB, Archbishop of Vancouver presided over the celebration and Rev. Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza concelebrated. The Eucharistic Celebration was solemn with the Knights of Columbus marching towards the Altar and saluting the celebrants. During the Homily Archbishop congratulated Fr. Steny and highlighted his duties towards his flock and requested him to tend his flock with care and concern. After the Homily the solemn installation ceremony was conducted introducing the new Pastor to the pulpit, confessional, to Baptismal font, to the entrance of the Church, to the Altar, to the Tabernacle and then to his seat. All this happened while Archbishop recited the prayers of installation. During the felicitation program in the Church itself two sisters were felicitated: Rev. Sr. Kitty and Sr. Theresa of the Little Flower Congregation as they were very actively involved in their apostolate among the Native Indians. Rev. Fr. Rudolf encouraged Fr. Steny to bring unity and harmony among the parishioners and to sow the seed of God’s Love among them and he cracked a joke indicating that at the evening of our life we will be asked to spell a password to enter heaven and that password should be “Love” and not any other complicated word like “Czechoslovakia”. After the mass Fr. Steny invited 170 parishioners and guests to a great sumptuous meal. The whole ceremony and celebration ended at 1 pm which had begun at 10.30 am. We congratulate Fr. Steny for being the third Carmelite Pastor in Vancouver Archdiocese.
Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCD
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The Grand Birthday celebration of Fr. Jerald D’Souza was held at St. Edmund’s Community North Vancouver at 7 pm on November 5th. Fr. Steny Mascarenhas from Agazziz, Bro. Joseph Giroux from Little Flower Monastery Deroche and Guardian Angels Community members Fr. Rudy and Fr. Rajesh were present. The Celebration began by turning Water into Wine and the sumptuous banquet that was prepared by Fr. Jerry’s friends from his parish was ready on table. Fr. Rajesh praised Fr. Jerry in 5 words of wisdom: J that stands for JOY; E stands for ENCOURAGEMENT; R stands for RESPECT and R stands for REJOICING and finally Y stands for YEARNING FOR GOD. Fr. Rajesh said he is a perfect Carmelite who combines in himself both Carmelite Spirituality and Spirit of Christ himself in his life. Bro. Joseph was the official photographer. Gifts were lavished on Fr. Jerry and balloons smashed during this joyous occasion.
Thank you Fr. Jerry
Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCD
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Dear Friends,
Good morning. I am pleased to send you the latest photos of the Little Flower Monastery ongoing work. A few important things to keep in mind. First of all you will find a big green tank outside the building that is meant for propane gas for the use of the monastery; cooking and for the house heating system. There is also another wooden closet which is prepared for a generator in case of power failure. Recently due to heavy storm there was two hours power cut and this could happen in this mountainous area during autumn and winter. The landscaping work has begun around the monastery which will be completed within a month from now. You will see around the monastery the yellow posts or you can call them pillars which are for beauty as well as for roof support. The parking lot in front of the building is almost complete. Shortly two automatic gates will be installed both at the lower entrance and at Alfred Horie Company entrance which is the immediate entrance as we move up to our facility from highway 7. The interior work of another 10 rooms is yet to be completed. Enjoy the photos: click the link below
Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCD
Click here for Photos 


Dear Friends,
So far we have been posting photos of the Little Flower Monastery taken during daylight, now you will really enjoy the photos taken during night time. Recently we received power to the facility but the external lighting and landscaping yet to happen. Once that is done you will get a better picture of this campus. Now the BC Hydro has just installed lights for night vigilance and to brighten up the campus to keep away a few night visitors to the facility; I mean the Deers and Grizzly Bears. Hope you enjoy these photos:
Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCD
Canadian Carmelite Charitable Society
Click here for Photos 

Dear Friends,
Today is the day October 15th, 2015, the day that the Lord has made, let us rejoice and be glad in it. We the Discalced Carmelites of Karnataka Goa Province in India and in Canada are grateful to God and to all of you for coming here to participate in our joy at the inauguration of Little Flower Monastery at Carmel Hill. Our hearts turn to God for his providence, inspiration and guidance. We wholeheartedly thank Helen Chua Tiampo who generously contributed towards this whole project in memory of her loving parents Jaime and Josefina Chua Tiampo. This is the first ever monastery by the Karnataka Goa Province of the Discalced Carmelites established in Canada – Vancouver.
The day was a sunny a beautiful day indeed. The guest arrived at the site by 10 buses and many other guests arrived by their own private vehicles. It was estimated that around 700 people were present for the event and 50 priest and three bishops for the liturgical celebrations. It was a fantastic celebration that highlighted the features of Karnataka Goa Province. Rev. Fr. Charle Serrao Provincial delivered a wonderfully prepared message, followed by a prophetic message from our previous provincial Fr. Archibald Gonsalves OCD. Archbishop Michael encouraged the congregation to pray for this facility that it may cater to future vocations and to spread Carmelites Spirituality. After the Holy Eucharistic celebration the Souvenir of Carmel Hill was released by Bishop Monreo and Helen release Fr. Rudolf’s book THE WAY LESS TRAVELLED.A wonderful meal was prepared by John Carlos and Company. Everyone was happy and enjoyed this unique occasion.We thank our Archbishop Most Reverend J. Michael Miller CSB for his wholehearted support in granting us permission to begin this project and for his continued encouragement. We are grateful also to Most Reverend F. B. Henry ( Bishop Calgary Diocese) and Most Reverend David J. Monroe Bishop of Kamloops for their valuable presence, prayers and blessings on this occasion.Our Provincial Fr. Charles Serrao OCD present amidst us today to witness this great event along with our previous Provincial Fr. Archibald R. Gonsalves OCD who actually encouraged us to have a house of our own in Canada during his many visits in the last few years. We are grateful to their support and prayers.We want to acknowledge the co-operation extended to us by the Fraser Valley Rural Development Authority for their support and permissions for developing this property was represented by David Bennet. We appreciate the tireless efforts by the Architect John Clark and his assistant Paul Owens in designing this beautiful edifice of God. The Alfred Horie Construction Company have achieved this feat within a whopping 8 months time is remarkable indeed and deserves our congratulations and applause. Our special thanks go to Steve Paone and his team; in a very concrete way to Dennis Cadrain (Site Superintendent); Allen, Mark, Robert and other wonderful workers. We are grateful to Darrell Wickstrom for his tireless efforts at granting us timely advise on this project. Steve Creighton helped us to co-ordinate the whole event of this celebration. We thank Francis Wong who was instrumental in coordinating the entire progress of the building work. Stewart Hayashi was also instrumental in getting us the Canadian Carmelite Charitable Society along with Francis Wong. We also acknowledge the presence of Mr. Ben Kernan from Florida; and Pam Prior, Emmet McGrath, Mr. Kent and others who contributed their share towards making this event a memorable one. We thank the guest priest who came from Rome: Fr. Ivan Pinto, Fr. Lawrence D’Mello and Fr. Manoj Braganza. We thank the local news papers and especially BC Catholic for their coverage of this event. We thank Rizalina Geronimo, Jennifer Po and Oscar Geronimo for their support and help. Especially we thank our Carmelites Fr. Jerald D’Souza, Fr. Rajesh Madtha, Bro. Joseph Giroux and Fr. Jason for their help and support. We also thank all the Carmelites who came from different regions of Canada.
We thank you all for your prayers and encouragement. May God be praised through all these works for his glory. We continue to pray for Helen’s health and may God grant her long life and happiness.Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCDCanadian Carmelite Charitable Society
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Dear Friends,
Here are the speeches delivered on the day of the inauguration of the little flower monastery. You will enjoy them.


click on the image for an enlarged view

click on the image for an enlarged view

Watch these photos for fun. A lot of work had to be completed before the inauguration. The photos go from September 29th till October 9th. You will get a glimpse of the progress and hard work of workers.
Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza
Regional Superior – CanadaFor recent photos click here :
Photos clicked between September 28th and following indicate the ground was ready with sand and rubbles for concreting. The sign-bearing huge stone was moved to the centre and the round about was being architecturally planned. More details in the photos.
Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCD
Regional Superior – CanadaFor recent photos click here :
These photos clicked before the inauguration will be posted on website to complete the series of the photographs for record. These photos clicked between September 24-25th as the work progressed. During this time the work force concentrated on the compound to be ready for the inauguration. It had to be concreted and the road had to be asphalted.
Thank you
Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza
Regional Superior – CanadaFor recent photos click here :
Dear Friends,
In this album you will notice we are close to the inauguration of the building. In fact a bit of explanation is required here. You will see the the building walls, I mean the wooden walls are covered with red and ash colour tiles. Before putting those tiles they covered the entire building walls with a plastic type of paper and then they put a sort of thick insulation material and after that they have installed these tiles. This is a very strong protection to wooden walls against adverse weather conditions like water, moisture, fire and other natural causes that could damage the walls. After these security measures the walls are safe. Enjoy this album.
Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCDFor recent photos click here :
ALBUM NO. 21: Little Flower Monastery Construction Progress Photos
Dear Friends,
Here is the album number 21. I send you these photos after the inauguration of the building. We had gathered at the site for arranging sound system and other details for the program. Fr. Jerald D’Souza along with some of his parishioners had come to inspect the place for sound system arrangements. That day we had a beautiful visitor to our property, a young deer was grazing just a few yards from our building. That was a great sight to behold.
Enjoy the photos:
Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCDFor recent photos click here :

Dear Friends,
Here I send you the 20th photo album of the work progress of the Little Flower Monastery. By now a number of invitations have been sent to our friends and Carmelite family members. The work is satisfactory according to the contractor and we will get there on time for the inauguration. Just a few days ago BC Hydro installed electrical connection and water connection. You can see at the north end of the property a huge tank is processed underground which regulates the flow of water to the facility. When the building externally looks almost complete a lot of interior design is pending and moreover furnishing is to be completed as well. That does not discourage us but we need to intensify our efforts. We have ordered some Chapel items from Belgium and pews from Toronto. Some more items are on the way. The paving of the ground in front of the building will be partially done before the inauguration; but the ground will be levelled for this event most certainly.
All the best and more to come in the next few daysSincerely
Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCD, Canadian Carmelite Charitable Society,
For recent photos click here :

Dear Friends,
Our monastery will look like this when completed. This is the latest artwork which is typical reproduction of the would be building construction. All the best
Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCD,
Canadian Carmelite Charitable Society, Canada
click on the image for an enlarged view
History of Guardian Angels from August 14th 2009 Till Date

“Through him the whole structure is held together and grows into a temple sacred in the Lord.” (Ephesians 2:21)

White settlers were drawn to this area by the 1858 Cariboo Gold Rush. The West End was an out-of-the-way place and of little value compared with the Fraser Valley. It was not until 1862 that three young Englishmen, John Morton, William Hailstone and Samuel Brighouse decided to buy a piece of land in the area. For that action they were dubbed the “Three Greenhorns”. The Greenhorns’ land, now known as the West End, was officially called that in 1887 when the Vancouver School Board built and named the West End school

With the Canadian Pacific Railway Company’s plans for a terminus beside the Greenhorns’
acreage, the settlement of Georgia and Robson Streets and the establishment of Stanley Park, the West End’s southern boundary became known and populated as a relaxing beach resort.

»» more 

Liturgical Celebrations:

 Sunday Mass Times:  Saturday (anticipated) – 4:00 PM. Sunday – 9:00 AM ; 11:00 AM; 12:30 PM

 Weekday Mass Times:  Monday : 7 PM  Tuesday to Friday : 8 AM  Saturday : 9 AM  First Friday – 7:00 pm

Office hours: 9:oo am – 4:30 pm on Mon., Tues., Thu., & Friday; CLOSED on Wed. & weekends



Dear Friends, This is to share the joy of the arrival of the Stations of the Cross statues from the USA (Dallas) and we have unpacked them and kept in our barn. When the winter is over we install them from the Monastery to Mountain top with a beautiful trail for the use of the faithful who will visit our Monastery. We are immensely grateful to Helen and her company and those involved in making this dream come true.


Snow at Carmel Hill

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The first step at Mount Carmel School at Kadaganchi!

The Ground Floor of the Mount Carmel School,
Carmel Giri, Kadangachi, Kalaburagi was inaugurated on the 26th of January,
2017. Most Rev. Robert Miranda, Bishop of Gulbarga blessed the Crucifix that
was unveiled by Rev. Fr Charles Serrao, Provincial Superior. After placing
it at the entrance of the school, all venerated the Cross. Then the
Provincial unveiled the plaque bearing the name of the Helen Chua Tiampo,
the magnanimous sponsor of the project. Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza, the regional
Superior of the Carmelites of the Canada Region inaugurated the completed
building by cutting the ribbon. After a meaningful prayer service, the
Bishop blessed the newly constructed building along with Fr Rudolf V.

There followed a small cultural programme organized by the staff and
students of the school. Fr Arun Bennis the Head Master of the School spread
a red carpet of roses to all the invitees. Fr Sylvester Pereira, the
Superior and correspondent of the School presented a bird eye view of the
project and the history of the venture. The Bishop addressed the gathering
and appreciated the dedicated service of the Carmelites in the diocese of
Gulbarga, especially in Kadaganchi Village. The LKG and UKG children of the
school were exuberant as they sang and danced to the tune of music in an
enchanting dance performance.

Fr Rudolf V. D’Souza who was present on behalf of the Sponsor expressed his
heartfelt gratitude to the local team for their untiring job and committed
work in realizing the venture. Quoting the Vedas he said our school is
geared towards leading the people from falsehood to truth, darkness to light
and death to life – a total transformation of life and appealed for the
support and cooperation of the localites and the parents in leading the
school to greater heights. Rev. Fr Charles Serrao expressed sentiments of
gratitude to one and all especially the contribution and the hard work of Fr
Rudolf V D’Souza without whom the project would have been a bed of thorns.
The Bishop, Fr Rudolf V. D’Souza, Fr Sylvester Pereira and Fr Lawrence
D’Cunha were honored by the provincial. The local community honored the
Provincial for his support and encouragement. Rev. Fr Nelson Pinto compered
the whole programme. The presence of many priests from the diocese of
Gulbarga was commendable. The parents and many people from the village
witnessed the historical event. After the programme all the invitees were
served snacks and cold drinks.

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Inauguration of the Stained Glass Windows of Our Guardian Angels Parish

It is a great joy to announce to you the inauguration of the Stained Glass Windows of Our Guardian Angels Parish (Vancouver – Canada) on the 3rd July 2011. Archbishop Michael Miller will celebrate the Solemn Mass at 9 am and will bless all the 25 Stained Glass Windows and declare them open to public. This is landmark the Parish history of 62 years as we have done this job perfectly importing the European technology and manufacturing the Stained Glass windows in Toronto. The Parishioners have been generous in this venture and it gives great joy to all. We have installed four Carmelite Stained Glasses depicting: Our Lady of Mount Carmel; St. Teresa of Avila, St. John of the Cross and St. Therese of Lisieux. Hence, these four windows will perpetuate the presence of the Carmelites in this Church as well as in the Archdiocese of Vancouver.

I warmly invite you for the ceremony and thereafter for a sumptuous party at the Rectory basement hall. All are invited.

Thanks for your prayers and support.

Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza OCD
Parish Priest
Guardian Angels Church



The annual Montifest in Vancouver – Canada was celebrated solemnly at Guardian Angels Parish at downtown. There was an unexpected crowd of more than 150 Magalorean families coming from far away Richmond, Surrey, IC Dealt and North Vancouver. The celebration began blessing of “Novem” at the entrance of the Church by the parish priest Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza followed by a procession to the statue of Blessed Mother and honouring her with the hymn “Sokkod Sanatha Melyam ani laghim soryam”. After this short procession and honouring Mother Mary with flowers with “Moriyek Hogolsiyam” the Eucharistic celebration was presided by Rev. Fr. Boniface Cyril D’Souza and concelebrated by Frs. Mario, Jerome, Jerry and Fr. Rudy. Rev. Fr. Jerald D’Souza preached a spiritually packed homily with anecdotes and lovely message to families and children. After the Holy Eucharistic celebration, the cultural program held and a mouthwatering meal was served in the Knights of Columbus Millennium Hall of the Parish. During this celebration Fr. Rudolf V. D’Souza was felicitated for his forthcoming 25th Jubilee year of Priesthood by Fr. Jerald D’Souza highlighting some salient features of his personality. Fr. Jerome Mascarehnas prayed the grace over the meal and the celebration continued with dance, singing, bingo, housie games etc. The lay people who generously contributed to the success of this celebration were: Mr. Joe Fernandes and Mr. Davidam Pinto. Miss Amanda D’sa was the MC and Rianna Pinto provided DJ for the occasion.


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The Canada Regional Meeting of the Carmelites of KG Province was held at London Ontario at St. Andrew’s Parish. Rev. Fr. Provincial arrived at 9 am and the Community wished him for his 50th Birthday and congratulated him for being elected Provincial for the Second Term. Then we proceeded to Bless the newly furnished chapel of the community, followed by the Meeting which lasted 2 hours. We had our lunch and then off to a short picnic to Niagara Falls. On the 22nd we all celebrated mass and Fr. Provincial presided over and gave a message and encouraged the community to be faithful to the renewal of the Carmelite Charism. Then we welcomed Bishop Ronald Fabbro who had a wonderful time with us followed by lunch prepared by Fr. Ranjan (Superior and Parish Priest) and Fr. Vijay Martin (Assistant). In the afternoon we had fun in the Church campus. On 23rd Fr. Provincial visited Hamilton and St. Catherine Dioceses to meet the Bishops in view of the future expansion of the Region.


On March 24, 2012 St. Edmunds’s Church, North Vancouver, B.C. was filled with excitement and anticipation. History was about to be created! The First Congress of Western Canada OCDS was to take place on this auspicious day.

It was an occasion also to congratulate Fr. Rudolf D’Souza OCD, Pastor of Guardian Angels Parish, on his Silver Jubilee which was celebrated with a grand function in India on February 24, the day of his ordination. Participating in the event were OCDS Community members of Western Canada with family, parishioners and guests who attended to learn more about the Discalced Carmelite Secular Order.

Everyone gathered in the church with the parishioners for the Morning Prayer led by Fr. Jerald D’Souza OCD, Pastor and Provincial Delegate of Western Canada OCDS and Fr. Jerome Mascarenhas OCD, Assistant Pastor. A Eucharistic Celebration followed with Fr. Rudolf D’Souza as the main celebrant and con-celebratants Fr. Jerald D’Souza and Fr. Jerome Mascarenhas. Fr. John Alex Pinto OCD, Pastor of St. Thomas More Parish, Calgary, Alberta arrived just in time to grace the occasion.

In his homily, Fr. Rudolf reminded everyone about the fruitfulness of our spiritual exercises. He said they must help us to grow interiorly and foster love toward God and our neighbor; otherwise, these spiritual exercises would be in vain. Fr. Jerald expressed his best wishes to Fr. Rudolf and Fr. Jerome presented him with a beautiful bouquet of red roses. The OCDS Members of Western Canada also extended their best wishes and congratulations with a bouquet of bright yellow roses presented by Bella Castillo of the St. Joseph OCDS Community, Vancouver.

After Mass, Congress attendees proceeded to the school gym for registration and fellowship over a delightful breakfast spread prepared by the Catholic Women’s League of St. Edmund’s Parish before the much-awaited talks of Teresa Martinez, the guest speaker. Teresa Martinez joined the OCDs 26 years ago and is a well respected member of the OCDS Secretariat, Mid-Eastern Jurisdiction and a pillar of the OCDS Communities.

Touched by the hospitality extended by the OCDS members, Teresa thanked and congratulated everyone for achieving a historical event in our jurisdiction – a milestone to be proud of – the First Congress of the Western Canada OCDS. The theme of the Congress, “Following St. Teresa in the Secular Life” was chosen to allow us to reflect on the aspects of the writings and teachings of St. Teresa of Jesus as they relate to lay people.

The topic of the morning session was “Correct Formation equals Survival” and the afternoon topic was “Living St. Teresa in the Secular World”.

“Vocation in Carmel is a personal gift from God!”, Teresa said. “The vocation in Carmel assists us to live our faith in a more authentic manner and teaches us how to be holy, both of which prepare us for our mission. We are not called just for ourselves to be holy. We are called to Carmel to make our people holy by our example to bring people to God. It is every member’s personal obligation to conscientiously participate in the whole formation to enable us to sanctify the world by our prayers as well as by our example.”

Everyone joined in for an Italian buffet lunch before the afternoon session. Teresa’s inspiration in her second talk, “Living St. Teresa in the Secular World”, came from the Collected Works of St. Teresa de Avila, on Prayer, Interior Disposition in Prayer, Attitudes that Facilitate Mental Prayer, Making a Recollected Prayer, Discursive Reflection and Infused Contemplation. St. Teresa’s writings rose out of her personal story and encounter with God. They bring joy to a soul that’s thirsting to know God, to love and serve Him better.
Each of Teresa’s talks was followed by an opportunity for questions and answers. Our hope is that the experience of the Congress will enliven and deepen our Carmelite life, not only as individuals, but also as communities across Western Canada.

Fr. Jerald thanked Teresa for her words of wisdom, support and encouragement as well as all attendees for their participation in the First Congress of Western Canada OCDS. Molly Diaz, President of the Secretariat, also expressed her gratitude to Teresa and made a presentation to her on behalf of all members.  The Congress concluded with a Sunday Anticipated Mass.

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Rev. Fr. John Grennen the Definitor General from Rome visited the Carmelite Community on 26th October at 3.30 pm with Rev. Fr. Paul Konig from California Province. Their short visit helped us understand the mind of Rev. Fr. General regarding our mission in Canada. He was very appreciative looking at the rapid progress of this region with a Formation House and with our 12 priests working in 7 parishes in 5 dioceses and in one major hospital in Canada. Rev. Fr. Grennen was impressed to know about the Formation House and the probable two Canadian vocations to our Carmelite community. As a part of his pastoral visitation he wrote his report in our Pastoral Visitation Book. He also visited St. Edmund’s Church and Fr. Jerald D’Souza explained the various programs he conducts for people and briefed him about the ongoing progress of the Secular Carmelites in Canada. Fr. Boniface D’Souza also spoke about his unique ministry at St. Paul’s Hospital which left Fr. Definitor amazed at the great work he is doing with the sick and old in the Archdiocese. The Definitor left for Seattle after a grand dinner at Empire building “CLOUD 9” restaurant at 49th Floor.

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The annual Canada Regional Members’ meeting

The annual Canada Regional Members’ meeting was held on 12th September 2012 at Harrison Hotsprings Agashi (British Columbia) an exotic healing spa and springs that were discovered by the native Indians in the 15th century. Later this became a tourist attraction for hundreds of thousands in North America. People flock to this place mainly for holidays and for healing therapies through the naturally heated volcanic water flow from the mountain springs:

The meeting began in the Hotel Board Room at 8 am with Morning Prayer followed by the Holy Eucharistic Celebration. The Homily was shared by all the members. The members had a grand breakfast at the Lakeside Cafe of the Hotel and the meeting continued till 2.30 pm. A number of matters discussed including vocation promotion in Canada; future of Carmel Hill Property and the Little Flower House; the future constructions at the site; the functioning of the Canadian Carmelite Charitable Society; finances and future expansion of Carmelite Houses in Canada. Rev. Fr. Provincial briefed us about Pushpashrama New Building Block; Bajjodi Church; Belur School and Bellary (Hoovinahadagalli) School projects in the course of being realized in the Province through the contributions sent by the Canada Region. The members were delighted to know that a lot of good has been done in the province through their work. Fr. Provincial with the consent of all the members also finalized the Canada Regional Funds to be pooled at Vancouver community. The meeting ended with a prayer by Fr. Provincial who flew to USA the next morning.

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